The government of Justin Trudeau presents this Thursday a bill to legalize cannabis in one year.
Canada would become the second country in the world to allow recreational use.
Canada has already allowed cannabis for medical purposes since 2001. It would be the first G7 country to allow it for recreational purposes, a legalization that could coincide with National Day on July 1, 2018, if Bill presented Thursday that the government of Justin Trudeau was adopted.
Cannabis use for recreational use at the country level has so far only been legalized in Uruguay.
This legalization is one of the promises of the election campaign of Justin Trudeau who confided in 2013 to have smoked cannabis five or six times, including when he sat as a member of parliament.
A request from the police
Canada’s police chiefs have repeatedly called for the relaxation of the drug law to reduce the costs of prosecuting simple cases of cannabis possession.
Nearly 70,000 lawsuits for possession or use of cannabis had been initiated in 2014, representing a waste of resources to the detriment of more serious crimes, according to police officials.
The Liberal Party of Justin Trudeau posts on his website the government’s desire to “withdraw the use and possession” of cannabis from the criminal code, while punishing “more severely those who provide it to minors, those who drive a vehicle under its name. effect and those who sell it outside the regulatory framework “.
At the end of 2016, a group of experts made more than 80 recommendations to the government to regulate the production, distribution and sale of recreational cannabis, including the prohibition to sell this substance to minors, in accordance with the current law on sale alcohol. This age varies from 18 to 19 depending on the province.
On Wednesday, the Canadian Association of Psychiatrists recommended that the government set the legal age of cannabis sales at age 25, advancing the consequences of cannabis use on the neurological system of younger people.
Health Minister Jane Philpott said the law “will legalize access to cannabis but, at the same time, regulate and control its access” to protect consumers. A regulatory framework will also allow the government to ensure “that the profits [from the sale of cannabis] are kept out of reach of criminal organizations,” she said in March.